- Compared with whites, African Americans have half the chance of obtaining a lawyer, and other people of color fare only slightly better.
- Women are 20 percent less likely than men to obtain a lawyer.
- Employees in lower-wage occupations and particular industries have a much lower chance of obtaining a lawyer. For example, workers in the construction and wholesale trade industries have one-sixth the chance of obtaining a lawyer of those in the government sector.
- In the civil litigation system, most cases settle. Of those that go to trial, plaintiffs win 50 percent of the time, receiving a median jury award of $205,000 (in 2007–08).
- In the administrative enforcement system, cases begin with the filing of a complaint with the DFEH and can conclude with a settlement or a decision by the FEHC. Of those cases closed from 2004 to 2008:
- One in 14 obtained a monetary benefit, the median value of which was $4,000.
- One in 69 resulted in an accusation being filed with the FEHC, which has in recent years issued an average of only five published decisions per year.
- Of the cases settled after filing an accusation with the FEHC, the median settlement was $14,842.
For a copy of the Report go to California Employment Discrimination Law and Its Enforcement